By Oskar Hippe
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Originally released as '... und unsere Fahn' ist rot' via Junius Verlag GmbH, Hamburg, 1979
Купить Амфетамин в Заозерск Review through Martin Empson wrote:
The lifetime of Oskar Hippe is an engaging one for Marxists and progressive socialists this day. As a tender employee in German in the course of international warfare One, he grew to become a socialist, changing into concerned about anti-war protests as early as 1916. Later he could sign up for the Spartakist League, the company setup through Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg, yet now not being established in Berlin for far of the interval, following his conscription within the latter phases of the struggle, he overlooked the various key debates and battles of the early German Revolution. still his eyewitness bills are unique,
On the eve of one may perhaps 1916, my brother-in-law advised me that we might no longer started working the next day to come, because the crew could all be becoming a member of an anti-war demonstration at the Potsdamer Platz. We went there on the precise time. 10000 staff had collected within the sq., and Karl Liebknecht spoke to them from the platform of the Potsdam neighborhood station. i don't know the way lengthy Liebknecht have been conversing whilst the police arrived. they can now not do whatever in the beginning; the group avoided them from getting as much as the platform. increasingly more detachments have been despatched in, together with fixed police who rode into the gang with huge, immense brutality. For a time, the demonstrators publish resistance, and lots of policemen have been knocked off their horses.
Along together with his unit, Oskar Hippe successfully mutinied and went domestic have been he grew to become centrally eager about the innovative pursuits in his domestic zone of Halle. The booklet describes the dimensions of the revolution and the influence of the deaths of Luxemburg and Liebknecht, in addition to the swift emergence of the counter-revolutionary troops of the Freikorps.
As the Twenties constructed, Hippe grew to become a tremendous activist within the German Communist celebration (KPD). He used to be usually distinct by means of definitely the right and the experts. often blacklisted for exchange union job, the interval turns into ruled by means of the struggles in the Russian corporation. Hippe describes the failure of the 1923 move whilst revolution used to be possibly at the playing cards, however the green Communist get together sounded the retreat on orders from Moscow. From then on his narrative turns into more and more formed via the conflict with the Stalinist wing of the KPD.
The post-revolutionary interval can be marked via the expansion of the fascist circulate. something that struck me studying the autobiography was once that violence, or the specter of violence, was once a regular truth for socialists. The socialists replied via arming themselves and being ready to struggle again, however it is outstanding that this violence was once a great deal approximately protecting and keeping the employer, it's activists and permitting their deliberate task to proceed. This wasn't scuffling with for the sake of struggling with, yet within the pursuits of establishing socialist employer. on the finish of the Nineteen Twenties Hippe breaks with the Stalinist KPD, and with many others works to construct a brand new "Trotskyist" celebration. For a few readers this can appear like part of the ebook ruled by way of arguments one of the left, yet Hippe explains that this was once approximately attempting to preserve the innovative culture alive in a interval the place the increase of fascism is a true prospect, yet with an important and strong German operating classification nonetheless unbroken.
With Hitler's victory, Hippe's staff is compelled underground and finally he's imprisoned, serving a long time of brutality and violence. finally he's let loose and works at the northern coast of Germany, attempting to make a couple of contacts with staff and discussing politics with captured prisoners of conflict. Hippe and his comrades bravery is exceptional during this interval of adverse, harmful underground paintings. this can be no guide for this job, yet you get a feeling of the hazards and problems, in addition to the frustrations. curiously Hippe and his comrades believed that Fascism couldn't be over-thrown by means of German employees, who have been now to susceptible, yet will be over-thrown by means of defeat in a global struggle. It used to be a correct, if pessimistic outlook.
Hippe then confronted renewed persecution below the Stalinists. preliminary hopes new mass socialist organization may be equipped after the tip of the struggle result in a different interval of splits, inner arguments and finally underground paintings. Hippe as soon as spent years imprisoned for being a "Trotskyist counter-revolutionary", and needed to watch as others, together with collaborators with the Nazi regime turned senior figures within the East Germany state.
At the tip of the publication, Hippe's wish for the innovative over-throw of capitalism stay undiminished. It results in 1979, although Hippe lived lengthy sufficient to work out the autumn of the Berlin Wall. Hippe used to be an activist throughout the Sixties and early Seventies, observed the delivery of a brand new move and the emergence of a brand new left. all through he remained dependable to the relevant tenets of Marxism, and the information of Lenin and Trotsky, believing that the overthrow of capitalism needed to be the act of the full operating class.
For these drawn to the background of the left, in addition to the German Revolution and the foreign Communist move it is a attention-grabbing booklet, might be marred via what sounds like a clunky translation. Hippe's account could be specified and its worthy looking for this booklet.
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Additional info for . . . and Red is the Colour of our Flag: Memories of Sixty Years in the Workers' Movement
H. wir malen aus dem Gedächtnis. Das Modell kann der Maler nicht abmalen, sondern nur benutzen, es kann sein Gedächtnis unterstützen, wie etwa der Souffleur den Schauspieler unterstützt. Aber wehe dem Schauspieler, der sich auf ihn verlassen muß. Dann ist er nicht mehr Herr seiner Rolle, sondern Knecht des – Souffleurs. Ob und inwieweit der Maler nach der Natur arbeitet oder nicht, hängt davon ab, was er erstrebt. Aber Delacroix oder Böcklin, die (wenigstens in ihren Bildern) nie nach der Natur gemalt haben, ebenso wie Manet und Leibl, die jeden Strich nach der Natur malten, haben aus dem Gedächtnis gemalt.
In der Erfindung des Sujets kann die Erfindung Michelangelos nicht liegen, denn die steht in der Bibel: »und Gott der Herr machte den Menschen aus einem Erdenkloß und er blies ihm ein den lebendigen Odem in seine Nase. Und also ward der Mensch eine lebendige Seele«. Daß er uns die biblische Erzählung überzeugend ad oculus demonstriert, darin liegt Michelangelos Genie; wir glauben den Odem Gottes in Adam übergehen zu sehen. Ein witziger Maler, den man vor seinem Bilde fragte, was er habe malen wollen, antwortete: »wenn ich es sagen könnte, hätte ich es nicht zu malen gebraucht«.
Dasselbe Phänomen bei Tizian. Zwischen der Dornenkrönung in Paris und der in München liegen rund 30 Jahre: die Komposition ist absolut dieselbe geblieben, aber aus der Malerei ist Leben geworden. Nur die Phantasie kann dieses Wunder bewirkt haben: sie hat die Technik vergeistigt. Oder mit anderen Worten: aus dem Maler, der die Natur nachahmt, wird der Künstler, der ein Neues schafft, das heißt: der Künstler, der eine neue Technik schafft. Jede neue Kunst ist also letzten Endes neue Technik. Man vergleiche das Hohe Lied mit einem lyrischen Gedicht Goethes oder den ägyptischen Dorfschulzen im Museum in Kairo mit einer Bronze Rodins: obgleich 5000 Jahre dazwischen liegen, das Ringen des menschlichen Geistes nach demselben Ausdruck.