Download Ancient Egyptian Technology and Innovation by Ian Shaw PDF

By Ian Shaw

ISBN-10: 0715631187

ISBN-13: 9780715631188

This publication examines the basic proof for plenty of varied facets of swap and evolution in old Egyptian know-how. It comprises dialogue of the broader cognitive and social contexts, equivalent to the Egyptian propensity for psychological creativity and innovation, and the speed of swap in Egypt compared to different African, Mediterranean and close to jap states.

This publication attracts not just on conventional archaeological and textual resources but additionally at the result of clinical analyses of historical fabrics and on experimental and ethno-archaeological info. Case-studies examine these points of Egyptian society that made it both predisposed or actively against particular types of conservatism or innovation in fabric tradition, comparable to the thoughts of stone-working, drugs, mummification and huge development. The publication additionally comprises exact dialogue of the ways that the perform and improvement of Egyptian know-how interrelated with past due Bronze Age city society as an entire, utilizing the town at Amarna as a case-study.

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16 2. Analysing Egyptian technological dynamics What kinds of texts have survived? In physical terms, the texts take the form of hieratic papyri, ostraca and one leather document (the Egyptian Mathematical Leather Roll, see Glanville 1927) from the pharaonic period, and a number of demotic papyri from the Ptolemaic period (33230 BC; see Parker 1972). Most of the more famous individual examples, such as the Rhind and Moscow mathematical papyri (see Robins and Shute 1987 and Struve 1930, respectively, and see Fig.

In other words, crosscultural comparisons or interpretations of ancient systems of medicine must be based not only on secure translations but also on a sufficiently deep knowledge of the full cultural context of each medical system, so as to avoid erroneous assumptions concerning similarities or differences in medical approaches. Lloyd (2004: 30) has also discussed this issue with regard to ancient Chinese and Greek medical science and knowledge, pointing out that ‘where the Greeks generally focused on the study of structures and organisms, in China the emphasis was more often on processes, on interaction, on resonances’.

E. via texts and highly educated scholars rather than simply by the physical import and export of skilled craftworkers, as was probably the case in the 2nd millennium BC. Discussion Writing, therefore, can be seen to be initially fundamental as a kind of ‘enabling’ technology in itself, during the emergence of Egyptian civilisation in the late 4th millennium BC, providing the intellectual basis for later innovations and technological adaptations. But it can also be recognised as an important component in the process by which Egyptians exchanged ideas with other cultures in western Asia and the east Mediterranean, particularly at the beginning of the Late Bronze Age, when technologies and craftsmen were spreading more widely across western Asia and north Africa.

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