Download An Essay on the Principle of Population (Oxford World's by Thomas Malthus PDF

By Thomas Malthus

ISBN-10: 0191605948

ISBN-13: 9780191605949

Malthus's Essay seems to be on the perennial tendency of people to outstrip their assets: replica regularly exceeds meals construction. at the present time Malthus continues to be a byword for trouble approximately man's demographic and ecological customers.

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The overall flow of this migration to 1930 was impressive. 8 Until 1855 the majority of immigrants crossing the Atlantic arrived in North America, with the United States as the principal destination. Between 1826 and 1835 Canada absorbed some 40% of all immigrants to North America, but thereafter declined in relative importance. By the post-1836 period two-thirds of all migrants were coming to the United States. 9 The volume of transatlantic migration to the United States increased by 8% annually from 1821 to the beginning of the Civil War in 1861, although it varied in volume by decade.

Many contracted their labor prior to leaving Europe in return for free passage to the Western Hemisphere. 4 3 4 For a survey of this migration see Herbert S. Klein, The Atlantic Slave Trade (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999). It is estimated that over half of the some 307,000 European immigrants arriving in British North America from 1700 up until the Revolution were indentured laborers, which would have meant that something like 156,000 of them arrived in the period to 1775. Aaron Fogelman, “From Slaves, Convicts and Servants to Free Passengers: The Transformation of Immigration in the Era of the American Revolution,” Journal of American History, 85:1 (June 1998), 71, Table A3; Aaron Fogelman, “Migrations to the Thirteen British North American Colonies, 1700–1775: New Estimates,” Journal of Interdisciplinary History, XXII:4 (Spring 1992), 698, Table 1.

S. Bureau of the Census, Thirteenth Census of the United States. Carpenter, Immigrants and Their Children, p. 7. Carpenter, Immigrants and Their Children, pp. 98–99, Table 53. Charlotte J. Erickson, “Emigration from the British Isles to the USA in 1841: Part 1. Emigration from the British Isles,” Population Studies, 43 (1989), 380. She argues that there is a general consensus about the differences of the migrants of the 1880s from those of the 1830s. 5. Age Pyramid of the Foreign-Born Population in 1880.

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