Download Algal Chemical Ecology by J. Alan Maschek, Bill J. Baker (auth.), Dr. Charles D. PDF

By J. Alan Maschek, Bill J. Baker (auth.), Dr. Charles D. Amsler (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3540741801

ISBN-13: 9783540741800

This is the 1st ever ebook committed fullyyt to the chemical ecology of algae. Algae from either marine and freshwater habitats are coated, as are macroalgae (seaweeds) and microalgae (including phytoplankton). whereas its major emphasis is at the ecological instead of chemical facets of the sphere, the publication additionally incorporates a targeted introductory bankruptcy meant as a primer on algal ordinary items chemistry for ecologists. It elucidates the jobs of chemical defenses in a variety of areas and habitats, of DMSP, oxidative burst responses, and herbivore offense. subject matters corresponding to algal sensory chemical ecology and defenses opposed to ultraviolet radiation also are handled, and an advent to the chemical ecology of phytoplankton is provided.

Focusing on fresh advances and likewise on subject matters relatively worthwhile for undergraduate and graduate point classes, Algal Chemical Ecology is designed for examine biologists operating within the box in addition to marine ecologists and algal biologists looking an introductory guide.

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Bhadury and Wright 2004; Fusetani 2004; Dahms et al. 2006) rather than an ecological approach. If secondary metabolites have multiple functions (Schmitt et al. 1995; Pereira et al. 2003; see Chap. 3), future studies taking a broad ecological approach could help us to more fully understand the ecological and evolutionary importance of these compounds to tropical macroalgae. , Morrison 1988; Hixon and Brostoff 1996; Marques et al. 2006) as well as the structure and function of marine communities and ecosystems in general (Duffy and Hay 2001).

Paul and Fenical 1983). Although not as prevalent, other terpenoid motifs have been reported, such as the norcycloartene triterpenoid (Fig. 7d) from Tydemania expeditionis (Paul et al. 1982b). The kahalalides, such as kahalalide A (Fig. 7e), are unusual green alga compounds, since no other polypeptides are known from the phylum (Hamann et al. 1996). Cymopolia barbata elaborates a unique series of (20 prenylated bromohydroquinones called the cymopols (Hoegberg et al. 1976). Monobromination is found exclusively para (directly across) to the site of prenylation as seen in cymopolone (Fig.

1 Are Tropical Macroalgae Better Defended Than Their Counterparts? In general, it is accepted that chemical defenses are elaborated to a greater extent and are more important in tropical than in temperate or cold seas (Bakus and Green 1974; Gaines and Lubchenco 1982; Hay and Fenical 1988). For example, Bolser and Hay (1996) verified that macroalgal species from tropical regions are considerably less palatable to herbivores than are species from warm temperate regions. We estimated the number of natural products that could play a defensive role, using information from the extensive account of Harper et al.

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