Download Affirmative Action in the United States and India (Routledge by T. WEISSKOPF PDF

By T. WEISSKOPF

ISBN-10: 0415700027

ISBN-13: 9780415700023

Arguably, of crucial nationwide reports with guidelines of confident discrimination in prefer of traditionally deprived ethnic or caste minority teams are the circumstances of 'Affirmative motion' within the usa and 'Reservation regulations' in India. This crucial new publication examines the implications of affirmative motion in either international locations utilizing a transparent cost-benefit research. All people with an curiosity in affirmative motion will have fun with the book's lucidity, use of proof and coverage implications.

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Extra info for Affirmative Action in the United States and India (Routledge Frontiers of Political Economy, 56)

Example text

5 per cent. Weisskopf The Mandal Commission report gathered dust for a decade, as the Janata Party lost power in national elections and subsequent Congress Party administrations (under Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi) showed no interest in pursuing the matter. P. Singh – prime minister of a shaky new coalition government led by the populist Janata Dal – stunned the nation by announcing that his government would actually implement the recommendations of the Mandal Commission. This announcement set off a firestorm of demonstrative opposition – including riots in the streets as well as some self-immolations – mainly in the northern regions of India, where many middle- and upper-caste Hindus were adamantly opposed to any extension of reservations.

From the view that the system is not really meritocratic, but instead dominated by the privileged and the powerful, it is a short step to the conclusion that the less privileged and powerful should have an opportunity to benefit from non-merit-related advantages too. Many proponents of positive discrimination reject the very notion of measuring merit on some quantitative scale – especially one based on a single test or indicator, which is often the way it is done in India. Others are deeply suspicious of the kinds of indicators most often used to measure “merit,” if only on the grounds that they typically put a considerable premium on knowledge of the English language (which is largely a privilege of the Indian elite).

In the US, affirmative action in employment is practiced not only by public sector agencies and organizations but also by many non-profit institutions and many private enterprises, whether or not they are dependent on government funding. The implementation of some non-governmental AA policies is conducted under pressure from government authorities (or in order to avoid legal liability for discrimination); but some of it is due to voluntary efforts on the part of organizational and business leaders to increase the representation of minority groups in their ranks.

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