Download Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents by Mira Ariel PDF

By Mira Ariel

ISBN-10: 041572354X

ISBN-13: 9780415723541

Gaining access to Noun-Phrase Antecedents deals an intensive shift within the research of discourse anaphora, from a merely pragmatic account to a cognitive account, by way of processing strategies. Mira Ariel defines referring expressions as markers signalling the measure of Accessibility in reminiscence of the antecedent. The suggestion of Accessibility is explicitly outlined, the the most important components being the Salience of the antecedent, and the harmony among the antecedent and the anaphor.
This research yields an remarkable array of recent effects. the correct distribution of referring expressions in real discourse is without delay estimated. numerous universals of anaphoric relatives are acknowledged. hence, even if now not all languages unavoidably have a similar markers, and nor do they assign them exactly the similar functionality, Ariel exhibits that all of them obey an analogous Accessibility marking hierarchy.
This booklet could be obligatory examining for a person with an curiosity within the semantics and pragmatics of referring expressions, within the interplay of semantics and pragmatics, and extra quite often within the interplay among peripheral and crucial cognitive platforms.

Show description

go to link Read or Download Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents PDF

Купить закладки метадон в Сычёвке Best semantics books

Multimedia Semantics — The Role of Metadata

Study within the box of multimedia metadata is mainly difficult: plenty of medical guides and experiences on learn initiatives are released each year and the diversity of attainable purposes is assorted and large. This publication provides an summary on basic matters in the box of multimedia metadata concentrating on contextualized, ubiquitous, available and interoperable providers on the next semantic point.

Topics in South Slavic Syntax and Semantics

This choice of articles provides various ways to important phenomena in South Slavic syntax and semantics, with an off-the-cuff creation by means of the editors on South Slavic clause constitution. Phenomena addressed (treated partially on a language particular foundation, in part comparative) contain: the constitution of the useful box, verb fronting, clitic placement, conjunctions, noun word constitution, possessives, contract, and aspectual phenomena.

Formulaic language and second language speech fluency : background, evidence and classroom applications

This quantity offers a complete examine the phenomenon of formulaic language (multi-word devices believed to be mentally saved and retrieved as unmarried devices) and its role€in fluent speech construction. € targeting moment language speech, the e-book presents an outline of analysis into the function of formulaic language in fluency, information a examine which gives facts of that position, and descriptions educating plans and methods to foster it.

Cognitive Explorations into Metaphor and Metonymy

This quantity provides chosen contributions to an annual symposium on metaphor and metonymy held on the English division of Heidelberg college. It brings jointly papers by way of teachers, PhD scholars and graduates from 3 universities - Heidelberg collage, Eötvös Loránd college in Budapest, and the college of East Anglia in Norwich.

Additional info for Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents

Sample text

G. 49). Thus, the degree of attenuation increases after the first mention of the New entity, but it decreases after a while. Whereas 92 per cent of the references to non-recent entities in his data were performed by what I call Intermediate and Low Accessibility Markers, only 36 per cent of the references to current entities used Intermediate and Low Accessibility Markers. The numbers for High Access­ ibility Markers are a mirror image. Whereas in 64 per cent of the references made to current entities High Accessibility Markers were used, non-recent entities were referred to by High Access­ ibility Markers only in 8 per cent of the cases.

9 Hence, they should occur whenever their antecedents are not currently salient. Forms initially used to refer to the Physical Environment (deictics and demonstrative expressions) retrieve antecedents whose status of Accessibility is intermediate. Last, forms seemingly restricted to the Linguistic Context (pronouns, gaps) are to be used only when the antecedent is highly accessible. Not only the invented examples [2-6] above argue against a ‘geographic context’ account for referring expressions’ distribu­ tion.

Sifro . . . his-book . . (Haaretz, 14 May 1985) A statistical examination of the same three texts mentioned above indicates clearly that proper names differ in degrees of Accessibility, such that full names are lowest, and first names are highest. e. 2% 58=100% 79=100% 49=100% Summing up Low Accessibility marking, the findings suggest that a combination of a proper name with some modifier represents the lowest Accessibility. More substantial evidence was presented showing that full names are lower on the Accessibility scale than definite descriptions, though the latter can themselves be distinguished as to various degrees of Accessibility, depending on the amount of lexical inform ation they contain.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.87 of 5 – based on 50 votes