By Miroslav Verner
At the guts of the world-famous pyramid box of the Memphite necropolis there lies a gaggle of pyramids, temples, and tombs named after the close by village of Abusir. lengthy overshadowed by means of the extra general pyramids at Giza and Saqqara, this zone has still been the location, for the final 40 years, of an intensive operation to find its past.
This fascinating new book—richly endowed with black-and-white historic pictures, colour plates of latest paintings, and informative illustrations—at final records the uncovering via a devoted staff of Czech archaeologists of a hitherto overlooked wealth of historic is still relationship from the outdated nation to the past due interval. this can be Abusir, realm of Osiris, God of the lifeless, and its tale is certainly one of either glossy archaeology and the long-buried mysteries that it seeks to discover.
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Additional resources for Abusir. Realm of Osiris
Com An earlier version of this book was published in the Czech Republic in 1994 under the title Forgotten Pharaohs, Lost Pyramids: Abusir All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior writtrn permission of the publisher. Dar el Kutub No. 5359/02 ISBN 978 161 797 227 0 Designed by Andrea El-Akshar/AUC Press Design Center Printed in Jordan pp.
Userkaf, Shepseskaf’s successor and the first Fifth Dynasty ruler, did not abandon Saqqara; nevertheless he had his tomb, again in pyramid form, built within the area of the Step Pyramid, near the northeast corner of its enclosure wall. Userkaf’s small pyramid complex—its valley temple and causeway still as yet unexcavated—attracts attention not only by its eloquent siting near Djoser’s pyramid but by reason of two particular features. First, the mortuary temple was not built at the eastern foot of the pyramid, as one would expect from the standard, religiously-motivated east-west orientation of the whole complex, but at its southern foot.
The complex, already excavated before the Second World War by a French expedition this time led by Gustav Jéquier, lies at the southernmost edge of Saqqara, close by the Mastabat Fara’un. In layout it resembles the tombs of Pepi II’s predecessors of the Sixth Dynasty. Its components also include three small pyramids and the mortuary temples of the queens Neith, Iput, and Udjebten. There is even a small cult pyramid sited near the southeastern corner of the pharaoh’s pyramid. During investigation of what were hardly the most numerous remains of relief decoration in the mortuary temple it was demonstrated, surprisingly, that its creator had been inspired by the reliefs from Sahure’s mortuary temple at Abusir.