Download A Theory of Conventional Implicature & Pragmatic Markers in by Guangwu Feng PDF

By Guangwu Feng

ISBN-10: 1849509344

ISBN-13: 9781849509343

The general target of this publication is to enhance a Gricean theoretical framework of traditional implicature in which chinese language pragmatic markers will be accommodated. It has associated ambitions. to start with it units out to develop a concept of traditional implicature. traditional implicature is itself a hugely debatable time period, understood very in a different way by means of quite a few manufacturers of up to date pragmatic idea, and is a pivotal proposal within the debates among the Gricean and Neo-Gricean theorists at the one hand and proponents of Relevance idea at the different. This e-book bargains an exemplary research and definition of what's interested in those present debates, and it either clarifies and 'problematises' a wide range of linked concerns. the second one aim is to provide a principled and systematic research of pragmatic markers in chinese language. Markers of this kind (and a number interconnnected different types together with discourse debris) were the topic of extreme research in recent times, and this special examine of chinese language markers is a contribution during this sector that's of considerable value, either theoretical and empirical.

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Extra resources for A Theory of Conventional Implicature & Pragmatic Markers in Chinese

Example text

The hearer normally assumes that the speaker is being cooperative at least on the level of what is implicated (if not on the level of what is literally said). This assumption makes it possible for the speaker to convey something more than or different from what the sentence literally expresses, and for the hearer to work it out. To demonstrate the possible working mechanisms of how the more or the different is recovered, consider Grice’s example of a professor’s reference for a philosophy student, who is applying for a position as a philosophy teacher.

The relationship between conventional meaning, what is said, and what is conventionally implicated is made even more explicit in his Retrospective Epilogue, which is claimed to be ‘‘an inquiry whether there is any kind, type, mode, or region of signification which has special claims to centrality, and so might offer itself as a core around which more peripheral cases of signification might cluster, perhaps in a dependent posture’’ (Grice, 1989: 359). The outcome of this inquiry is a suggestion of ‘‘a distinction between an inner range of characteristics which belong directly to the conventional meaning of a signifying expression, and an outer range of characteristics which, although not themselves directly part of the conventional meaning of a given signifying expression, are invariably, perhaps as a matter of natural necessity, concomitant with other characteristics which do directly belong to the conventional meaning of the signifying expression’’ (Grice, 1989: 363; my italics).

There is a garage around the corner (to someone who has run out of petrol). b. Smith is either in the kitchen or in the bedroom. c. Smith is poor but he is honest. (6a) is an instance of particularized conversational implicature, (6b) a case of generalized conversational implicature and (6c) an example of conventional implicature. Let me briefly take them in turn. GRICE’S THEORY OF MEANING 19 What is Conversationally Implicated For an initial idea of what is conversationally implicated, consider Grice’s (1975) well-known example, quoted here as (7).

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