Download A Materialist Theory of the Mind (International Library of by D.M. Armstrong PDF

By D.M. Armstrong

ISBN-10: 0415100313

ISBN-13: 9780415100311

This vintage paintings of contemporary philosophy was once first released in 1968, and is still the main compelling and finished assertion of the view that the brain is fabric or actual. In A Materialist concept of the brain, D. M. Armstrong supplied new perception into the talk surrounding the connection of the brain and physique. He placed forth an in depth materialist account of the entire major psychological phenomena, together with conception, sensation, trust, the desire, introspection, psychological photographs, and recognition. This causal research of psychological innovations, besides the same idea by way of David Lewis, has come to dominate all next debates within the philosophy of brain.

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Extra info for A Materialist Theory of the Mind (International Library of Philosophy)

Sample text

But how then are we to account for the appearance that they do interact? It strains belief to suppose that they do not, one might think, because the fact of mind–body interaction is so common and famil­ iar as to be undeniable. There is the effect of alcohol on mental state, for example, not to mention drugs of various Dualist Theories of Mind and Body 35 sorts. There is the effect of the mind on the body, most obviously of cases of intentional action, but also in cases, say, of a mental state such as blind rage leading to unhappy physical consequences.

A specialized form is present when conservation laws are at 42 Chapter 2 issue. Ernie Lepore and Barry Loewer,5 for example, ex­ press the mind–body problem as the difficulty of fitting together the following three propositions: (5) The mind and the body are distinct. (3b) The mental and the physical causally interact. (4b) The physical is causally closed. Roughly speaking, (1) (“The mind is a nonphysical thing”) and (2) (“The body is a physical thing”) give us (5), proposition (3b) works like proposition (3) (“Mind and body interact”), and (4b) implies (4), that the mental and the physical cannot interact.

Among these laws, which seem to be about as well established as any­ thing could be in physics, the conservation of mass and en­ ergy tells us that in a “closed” system changing over time, the net total of mass or energy in the system stays the same. The system as a whole neither gains nor loses mass or energy. ) Suppose that the human body is a closed physical sys­ tem. In other words, it acts as it does because of the physi­ cal energy and mass that it contains, and it is insulated Dualist Theories of Mind and Body 41 from the effects of outside energy.

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