By Ann Macy Roth, Peter Der Manuelian, William Kelly Simpson
Within the latter a part of the 5th Dynasty the necropolis that surrounded the Fourth Dynasty pyramids of Giza back grew to become a favored web site for the tombs of Memphite officers. a specific cluster of those mastaba tombs was once excavated among 1936 and 1939 through George Andrew Reisner. a number of the tomb chapels have been stumbled on to be adorned; others had anterooms with courtyards and porticoes. all the inscribed tombs bore a name which Roth interprets as "palace attendant". This e-book offers the artifactual, iconographic and architectural result of the excavation in components. the 1st covers the structure of the cluster as an entire; the second one compares info of the person tombs, and an intensive index lists mastabas, own names, and Egyptian phrases, words, titles and epithets. it is a substantial research, which leaves no Gizan stone unturned.
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Extra resources for A Cemetery of Palace Attendants (Giza Mastabas vol 6)
South of the recess is a dead-end corridor, somewhat wider than the blocked southern entrance of 2092+2093. The west wall of the corridor in 2097 is missing, but may have contained a false door parallel to that in 2093. 8 This chapel type, like (10c), imitated the final shape that resulted when successive changes were made to a chapel that was initially built as another type. The earlier chapels in this cluster thus appear to be of three basic types, “recessed chapels” resembling Reisner’s type (11), “L-shaped chapels” of type (4), and simple “false door emplacements,” either set into an interior corridor to correspond to Reisner’s type (5) or into the east facade to create type (9).
In August 1987, the Giza Mastabas Project began to trace decoration of five of the completely decorated tombs. It was at this point that the fragility and loss of the plaster-cut decoration became a problem. Although much of the decoration was traced in 1987, it was found preferable to use photographic enlargements as a basis for drawing most of the wall decoration in the cluster, both because they allowed a greater part of the original decoration to be recorded in facsimile drawings, and because they could be made without touching, and perhaps further damaging, the plaster still tenuously adhering to the walls.
Interestingly, the number of false doors does not correlate with chapel type; recessed, L-shaped, and simple emplacements all occur with both one and two false doors. There also does not appear to be any correlation between the presence of two false doors and references to a wife in the chapel decoration. In only one case (2097') is the northern door dedicated to a woman. Architraves and Roofing blocks. The ceilings of chapels and corridors were built of narrow limestone slabs (about 60 cm wide in 2091, the best-preserved case).